Employment application means the letter written as application for positions to get a job. It is the primary means of introducing the job seeker in official form to the hiring manager. Getting a job is a long way process; the process starts with writing job application by the job seekers and ends with the final selection of candidates by the hiring manager.
Through the job application, job seeker offers to sell his or her labor and service for a return on job duties. Therefore, the application for employment acts as a personal advertisement in line with job opportunity. Job application contains job seeker’s personal data and user profile like name, address, qualification, and experience along with his/her appeal for the job.
Quible, Johnson and Mott defined, “A letter of application is a message designed to inform the reader of your desire for a position in this or there organization and to request an interview for that position.”
In retrospect, we can say that the letters that are written describing the personal data, qualifications, skills, and experience of a job seeker along with appeal for job is known as job applications. This letter is generally written in response to the job advertisement of the employer. Jobseeker can get the news of vacancies and access job posting from newspapers, internet or through any other informal job notifications.
Type of Employment Applications
The job application can be of two types; Solicited application and un-solicited application. They are described below as follow:
1. Solicited application
Job application written in response to the advertisement given by the employer is known as solicited application. That is, this application is submitted in response to the invitation form the employer whether via online applications or paper applications. Quibble and others defined, “When one sends a letter knowing that an opening exists in a company, this is called a solicited letter of application.” In this situation, the applicant knows the required qualifications for those employment opportunities. The solicited application generally includes the name of the position applied for, reverence and date of the source, etc.
2. Unsolicited application
Unsolicited job application is written for unannounced vacancies. It is also known as prospecting application. In this situation, the job seeker assumes that any job vacancy may be created in the organization in near future. Quibble and others defined, “When one sends a letter not knowing whether an opening exists in a company, the letter is called an unsolicited application.