What Causes Grapevine Communication to be Active

Grapevine Communication | Factors Liable for Operating Grapevine

Communication through grapevine is a matter of spontaneous feelings. Some personal matters and other situations may cause these feelings. Keith Davis said in this regard- "The grapevine is more a product of situation than it...
Informal Communication Spreads Rumor, untrue and distorted information very quickly

Informal Communication Spreads Rumor, untrue and distorted information very quickly

Informal communication does not follow any officially recognized rule, regulation and system. It is independent of management control. Informal communication takes place in family, club, religious place, market and in the playground. It may...
In the above diagram, the arrows in horizontal lines depict horizontal communication. In conclusion, we can say that horizontal communication is the exchange of information among the people holding the same position, rank and status in the organization hierarchy.

Meaning of Horizontal Communication

The exchange of information between people at the same level as an organizational hierarchy is called horizontal communication. This communication supplies information neither to superiors nor to subordinates. Rather, information is exchanged between people...
Meaning of Company Secretary

Meaning of Company Secretary | Appointment of Company Secretary

The term ‘secretary’ is derived from the Latin word ‘secretarius’, the meaning of which is ‘a confidential officer.’ Secretary is one to whom secret matters are entrusted and he has to maintain secrecy of...
Cross Cultural Communication

Guidelines to Improve effectiveness of Cross Cultural Communication

Cross-cultural communication has become essential to communicate with multi-cultural people. The following guidelines will help global managers to communicate effectively across cultures: Improving feedback system: One of the most important ways of improving the effectiveness...
Meaning Of Cross Cultural Communication

Meaning Of Cross-Cultural Communication

Communication between people of different cultures is known as cross-cultural communication. It is also termed as intercultural communication. In order to understand the meaning of cross-cultural communication, one must understand the meaning of culture....
What is Director’s Report?

What is Director’s Report? What is Auditor’s Report?

At the end of financial year, the directors draft a short statement on the overall activities of the company which is called director’s report. This is attached to the company’s annual report. Such a...
Meaning of Annual Report

What is Annual Business Report – The Business Communication

An annual business report is the report prepared and published at the end of an accounting year is called annual report. An annual report is one of the various publications made out by companies....
Meaning of Minute

Meaning of Minute and Principles of Drafting Minutes

The dictionary meaning of minute is a note or memorandum to assist the memory. In corporate affaris is known as recording the proceedings of meeting. In other words, the written record of discussions held...

Importance of Short Report in Communication

Importance of short reports needs not to be overemphasized. Managers mostly use short reports for their internal communication. Some points highlighting the significance of short reports are presented below: Importance of Short Report in Communication Internal...