Meaning of Demi-Official Letter

Meaning of Demi-Official Letter | Features of Demi-Official Letter

Meaning of Demi-Official Letter The official letter that contains some personal information along with official information is known as demi-offical letter. This letter is generally written by compiling both official and some sort of personal...
What is Official Letter-Meaning of Official Letter

Meaning of Official Letter | What is Official Letter | Features of Official Letter

In general the letter that contains official information and message is known as official letter. This letter is generally written for conveying various official messages such as rules, regulations, procedures, orders, actions, reactions, opinions...
Types of Letter-Classification of letter in Business

Types of Letter | Classification of letter in Business

Human beings require exchanging information with each other by means of writing different letters as their demands are increasing with rapid growth of civilization. This means letters may be of various types depending on...
Structure of a Business Letter | Different Parts of a Good Business Letter

Structure of a Business Letter | Different Parts of a Good Business Letter

Regardless of their purposes, most business letters have some basic parts. The orderly arrangement of various parts of business letter is known as the structure of letter. The appearance of letter often reveals the...
Functions of Various Paragraphs of Business Letters

Functions of Various Paragraphs of Business Letters

Business letter is an important tool in business communication. It transmits business related information to the concerned parties. Generally, a business letter is composed of some parts. The most important part of a letter...
Means to use Grapevine Effectively

Ways to Make Grapevine Effective

Though grapevine provides innumerable utilities to the organization, still it is not free from defects. Therefore, managers should try to use grapevine in a way so that organization can take heights benefits from it....
What Causes Grapevine Communication to be Active

Grapevine Communication | Factors Liable for Operating Grapevine

Communication through grapevine is a matter of spontaneous feelings. Some personal matters and other situations may cause these feelings. Keith Davis said in this regard- "The grapevine is more a product of situation than it...
Informal Communication Spreads Rumor, untrue and distorted information very quickly

Informal Communication Spreads Rumor, untrue and distorted information very quickly

Informal communication does not follow any officially recognized rule, regulation and system. It is independent of management control. Informal communication takes place in family, club, religious place, market and in the playground. It may...
In the above diagram, the arrows in horizontal lines depict horizontal communication. In conclusion, we can say that horizontal communication is the exchange of information among the people holding the same position, rank and status in the organization hierarchy.

Meaning of Horizontal Communication

The exchange of information between people at the same level as an organizational hierarchy is called horizontal communication. This communication supplies information neither to superiors nor to subordinates. Rather, information is exchanged between people...
Meaning of Company Secretary

Meaning of Company Secretary | Appointment of Company Secretary

The term ‘secretary’ is derived from the Latin word ‘secretarius’, the meaning of which is ‘a confidential officer.’ Secretary is one to whom secret matters are entrusted and he has to maintain secrecy of...