Types of Letter-Classification of letter in Business

Types of Letter | Classification of letter in Business

Human beings require exchanging information with each other by means of writing different letters as their demands are increasing with rapid growth of civilization. This means letters may be of various types depending on...
Structure of a Business Letter | Different Parts of a Good Business Letter

Structure of a Business Letter | Different Parts of a Good Business Letter

Regardless of their purposes, most business letters have some basic parts. The orderly arrangement of various parts of business letter is known as the structure of letter. The appearance of letter often reveals the...
Functions of Various Paragraphs of Business Letters

Functions of Various Paragraphs of Business Letters

Business letter is an important tool in business communication. It transmits business related information to the concerned parties. Generally, a business letter is composed of some parts. The most important part of a letter...
Means to use Grapevine Effectively

Ways to Make Grapevine Effective

Though grapevine provides innumerable utilities to the organization, still it is not free from defects. Therefore, managers should try to use grapevine in a way so that organization can take heights benefits from it....
What Causes Grapevine Communication to be Active

Grapevine Communication | Factors Liable for Operating Grapevine

Communication through grapevine is a matter of spontaneous feelings. Some personal matters and other situations may cause these feelings. Keith Davis said in this regard- "The grapevine is more a product of situation than it...
Informal Communication Spreads Rumor, untrue and distorted information very quickly

Informal Communication Spreads Rumor, untrue and distorted information very quickly

Informal communication does not follow any officially recognized rule, regulation and system. It is independent of management control. Informal communication takes place in family, club, religious place, market and in the playground. It may...
In the above diagram, the arrows in horizontal lines depict horizontal communication. In conclusion, we can say that horizontal communication is the exchange of information among the people holding the same position, rank and status in the organization hierarchy.

Meaning of Horizontal Communication

The exchange of information between people at the same level as an organizational hierarchy is called horizontal communication. This communication supplies information neither to superiors nor to subordinates. Rather, information is exchanged between people...
Meaning of Company Secretary

Meaning of Company Secretary | Appointment of Company Secretary

The term ‘secretary’ is derived from the Latin word ‘secretarius’, the meaning of which is ‘a confidential officer.’ Secretary is one to whom secret matters are entrusted and he has to maintain secrecy of...
Cross Cultural Communication

Guidelines to Improve effectiveness of Cross Cultural Communication

Cross-cultural communication has become essential to communicate with multi-cultural people. The following guidelines will help global managers to communicate effectively across cultures: Improving feedback system: One of the most important ways of improving the effectiveness...
Meaning Of Cross Cultural Communication

Meaning Of Cross-Cultural Communication

Communication between people of different cultures is known as cross-cultural communication. It is also termed as intercultural communication. In order to understand the meaning of cross-cultural communication, one must understand the meaning of culture....