What is office memo or memorandum?

Here you will get about Meaning of office memo or memorandum or what is office memo or memorandum? Memorandum is popularly known as memo. The literal meaning of the word memorandum is a note to assist the memory. Memos are the written internal communication means for exchanging information relating to day-to-day functions within the organizations.

According to Lesikar and pettit, “Memorandum is a form of letters written inside the business”.

According to Stewart and Clark, “Memos are used to communicate with other employees, regardless of where the employees may be located in the same organization.”

According to S. Taylor, “Memo is a written communication form one person to another (or a group of people) within the same organization.”

So, memorandum or memos are an internal short note or letter in which information exchanged among superiors and subordinates or same potion of employees in the organizational structure.

Advantages of office memo

We know memorandum serves various purposes. it is a common means of writer, communication within the organization. The main advantages of memos are discussed below:

  1. Time saving: We can see that may organizations use printed memo. As it is usually printed, it takes less time to draft it.
  2. Less formality: No formality is necessary in drafting a memo, usually inside address, salutation and complimentary closing is omitted in it.
  3. Maintenance good relationship: It can help to maintain the good relationship among the boss and subordinates, because the bossing attitude is absent here.
  4. Low cost: The cost of communication through a memo is less than those of others.
  5. References: Memo is a written document. So, it can be used for future references.
  6. Inform the decisions and actions: The main objective of memo is to inform the decisions and actions. For this purpose, it should be written by the higher authority.
  7. Request the decisions and actions: The objective of memo is to request the decisions and actions. For this objective, it may be drafted by the sub-ordinate.
  8. Provide information: Another important objective of the memo is to provide information form one level to another within the business.
  9. Remain someone of action: Memo is also written to remind someone of action, if requires.
  10. Others: Issuing orders and instructions, providing response, providing suggestions, presenting informal report, solving problems.

Disadvantages of office memo

There are few limitations or Disadvantages of memos they are:

  1. Limited application: It is not widely used means of communication. Memorandum is mainly used in business firms. It maintains communication only among the employees of the same firm regardless of distance.
  2. Time consuming: It takes time to be sent to a distant branch or office.
  3. Expensive: As usually a memo is a per-printed form, it is expensive than other means. Sometimes huge printed memos remain unused.
  4. Lack of formality: It provides only informal communication.
  5. Lack of explanation: Memo is written in a short form. So the meaning of it may not be cleared to the reader.
  6. Less important to the reader: As it is an informal means of communication, it can be less important to the reader.
  7. Not suitable for illiterate people: Office memo is a one kind of written communication. So, illiterate people are not able to read and understand it.

Guidelines for writing effective memos or drafting memos

In order to make interoffice communication easier, please adhere to the following guidelines for writing effective memos:

  1. Summarize the conclusions in the introduction paragraph
  2. State the basis for conclusion in the introductory paragraph
  3. Begin each subsequent paragraph with a thesis statement
  4. Support the thesis statement in the body of the paragraph
  5. Be concise
  6. Know the audience
  7. Avoid jargon
  8. Stay objective
  9. Use active verbs
  10. Anticipate counterarguments
  11. Provide “road signs” as needed
  12. Cite the sources
  13. Number the pages
  14. End with a concluding paragraph


  1. Hi there, its fastidious piece of writing on the topic of media print, we all be familiar
    with media is a great source of data.

  2. Controlling of admin(COA) used bad writing language in Office memo(OM) and it seems he threat to me. please provide guideline


  3. Its all is wrong. The right definition is -it is a letter which is given to the authorities to say that new law have made and you have to follow it.


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