Types of Communication

Types of Communication

Horizontal communication occurs between people holding the same hierarchical position. Both written and oral methods are used to make horizontal communication effective. The methods or media or horizontal communication are discussed below: Oral Method: Horizontal communication is most effective...
Horizontal communication occurs between people occupying the same positions in the organization hierarchy. It helps to share ideas, information, wishes and attitude between peers and colleagues. It also promotes mutual understanding and ensures cross-functional coordination. The following points highlight...
Essentials of effective upward communication Effective functioning of an organization significantly depends on proper and effective use upward communication. To make upward communication effective, due attention must be given on the following aspects: Participative approach of management: If participative management...
When information flows from subordinated to superiors, it is called upward communication. The purpose of upward communication is to provide information to the managers form subordinates. Through this communication, subordinates convey their opinions, suggestions, complaints, etc. to their superiors....
Advantage or merits of downward communication Downward communication benefits the organization in many different ways. Through this communication, superior provide necessary information and directives to the subordinates. The major advantages of downward communication are highlighted below: Delegating authority and responsibility:...