Mass Communication Process

Communication process consists of a progression of stages by which message is transmitted form sender to receiver. The usual process of communication includes sender, encoding, message, channel, and receiver, decoding and feedback. Mass communication process also entails some sequential steps to transmit a message. However, the process of mass communication is somewhat different from interpersonal communication or face to face communication process. Researchers have identified four elements of mass communication process. These ares-

Source: Mass communication process begins with a specific source that has a message. The source can be an individual, an institution, a company or government.mass-communication-process

Communicator: The second element of the process is communicator who collects a message from the source. Communicator is also termed as encoder. He plays a vital role in mass communication process. He is professional, trained and experienced person who develops the message in a way that the intended receiver can understand. A very simple piece of information may get enormous appeal to the audience due to the communicator. The communicator may be a reporter, journalist, lyricist, scriptwriter, author, official spokespersons and so on.

Message: Message is the actual information or news to be communicated to the audience. The message may be a movie, a novel, a recovered song and a billboard advertisement.

Channel: The channels are the mass media. These are the vehicles that transmit the message to the audience. Media of mass communication are newspapers, magazines, posters, lifter, radio, television, films etc.

Editor: Once a message is developed and the channel of transmission is selected, it is handed over to the editor. Editor is also an expert person. He controls the channel of mass communication. He also reviews the message of the communicator to ensure successful transmission of the message through the selected channel.

Audiences: Audiences are the ultimate recipient of the message of mass communication. They are large, diverse and heterogeneous in nature. Audiences differ in relation to their education, age, gender, income, profession, social status, geographical location, religion, beliefs, values, opinions etc. some of the audiences receive the message directly while others indirectly. It is also seen that some audiences are attentive while some are inattentive.

In mass communication, feedback or reaction of the audience can occur in numerous ways. The receivers can send their response either to the communicator or the source of information or to the editor. If the communicator gets the receiver’s feedback, he sends it to the sources of information through another channel. In the same way, the editor can also send the receivers response to the communicator by employing another medium. The receivers can also exchange their responses to each other. The feedback or reaction of the audiences depends on their learning, experience, ideologies and group affiliations. Audiences of mass communication are likely to exhibit diverse reactions to the same message.

Advantages of Interview | Merits of Interview

Interview is a formal technique of oral communication. It is an effective mechanism of knowing one’s opinion, attitude, idea, intelligence, ability and depth of knowledge. The advantages of interview or merits of interview are discussed below:

Quick exchange of information: Interview is a kind of oral communication. Through interview information is exchanged in the form of face to face conversation between the interviewer and interviewee on any specific topic. This helps quick, free and fair exchange of information between the interviewer and interviewee.Advantages of Interview

Instant response: Interview is a kind of face to face conversation. Here the interviewee responds quickly to the questions of the interviewer. Therefore, interviews are arranged to know the opinions, attitudes, reactions, depth of knowledge etc of job seekers or other persons form their responses.

Setting grievance: Interview is an effective means of setting grievance of any aggrieved person. Since interview allows open discussion between the interviewee and interviewer, real causes of grievance can be detected easily. Thus necessary actions can be taken to settle the grievance.

Evaluating mental state: By arranging interview, interviewer can assess the mental strength, level of confidence and ability to handle stress of the interviewees form their facial expression, way of speaking etc.

Checking the candidate’s qualifications: Interview helps the employers to evaluate educational qualifications, efficiency, performance, willingness etc. of the job seekers.

Developing relationship: In an interview interviewer and interviewee can directly exchange information on any predetermined issue. This helps to increase their level of understandings and enhancing relationships between them.

Informing the candidate about some matters: Interview is also an effective means to inform the job seekers about the company’s missions, objectives, goals, duties and responsibilities of the job etc.