Effective communication involves the most accurate and proper way of sending and receiving of information, news, ideas, thoughts, etc. in which both parties mutually understand and response. The different type of communication skills are as follows:
Listening skills: Listening is one of the most important aspects of effective communication. Successful listening means not just understanding the words or the information being communicated, but also understanding how the speaker feels about what they’er communication. To improve communication skills, we must learn to listen effectively. Effective listening gives us an advantage and makes us more impressive when we speak. It also boosts our performance.
Verbal Communication Skills: Verbal communication skills encompass all word usage, so this means that both oral and written words come under this category. People use and nurture this type of communication skills actively, although it can be argued that some people do not use it as much as others.
Verbal communication skills can be developed in a variety of ways, and one of those ways is to converse with other people constantly. Actively engaging in conversation can help to encounter new words to enhance verbal communication skills, and paying close attention to mass media is also a good idea, because it will be able to hear the correct pronunciation of a vast array of words.
In the case of writing, the best way to also help to enhance these verbal communication skills is to read a lot, because reading can give an excellent idea about the spelling of words, and their correct usage as a means of effective communication.
Nonverbal Communication Skills: This type of communication skills makes use of symbols other than words to convey meaning, and generally this type of communication skills depends upon the interpretation of the receiver of the message. Here we communicate by using nonverbal signals which includes facial expressions, body movement and gestures, eye contact, posture, the tone of voice, and even muscle tension and breathing. Developing the ability to understand and use nonverbal communication can help to connect with others, express what we really mean, navigate challenging situations, and build better relationships at home and work.
Interpersonal Communication skills: Interpersonal Communication occurs when two individuals are involved or exchanging information, ideas, opinions, feelings relating to the personal, social, organizational, national and international matter who are located in the same place. It is personal, direct, as well as intimate and permits maximum interaction through words and gestures. Interpersonal communication may be:
Focused interactions: This primarily results from an actual encounter between two persons. This implies that the two persons involved are completely aware of the communication happening between them.
Unfocused interactions: This occurs when one simply observes or listens to persons with whom one is not conversing. This usually occurs at stations and bus stops, as well as on the street, at restaurants, etc.
Interpersonal Communication skills: Interpersonal communication is the process of sensing, thinking, perception, evaluating and interpreting events within the self mind of an individual. For Interpersonal communication, different persons may respond differently to a single message because of differences in their perception and thinking. One example of this is transcendental mediation. According to the experts this type of communication encompasses communicating with the divine and with spirits in the form of prayers and rites and rituals.
Mass Communication Skills: Mass communication is a process of transmitting information, opinions, or attitude through specific channel/media to a large number of heterogeneous audiences. This is generally identified with tools of modern mass media including social media marketing, which includes: books, the press, cinema, television, radio, etc. It is a means of conveying messages to an entire populace.
Managing Stress: Small doses of stress lead to perform under pressure. However, when stress becomes constant and overwhelming, it can hamper effective communication by disrupting capacity to think clearly and creatively, and act appropriately. Generally stressed people misread other people, send confusing nonverbal signals, and lapse into unhealthy reactive patterns of behavior.
Emotional awareness: Emotions play an important role in the way we communicate at home and work. It’s the way of fell, more than the way of think that motivates to communicate or to make decisions. The way of react to emotionally-driven, nonverbal cues affects both how understand other people and how they understand us. Emotional awareness provides the tools for understanding both ourselves and others.